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Cutaneous markers of spinal dysraphism: A cross sectional study

 Department of Dermatology, JNMC Medical College, KLE University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Farhana Tahseen Taj,
Department of Dermatology, JNMC Medical College, KLE University, Belgaum - 590 010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpd.IJPD_90_17

Background: Spinal dysraphism is a rare condition where there are many cutaneous markers which will help a dermatologist to arrive at early diagnosis and prevent complications. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objectives of this are to study the various cutaneous marker of spinal dysraphism in neonatal period and its importance of recognizing early to plan for further management. Materials and Methods: Neonates were examined for cutaneous signs of spinal dysraphism in the first 4 weeks of life. Both occult and open spinal dysraphism clinical features were recorded. Detail history was recorded with respect to age of the mother, parity, consanguinity, and folic acid supplementation. Diagnosis was made clinically. Biopsy is not done as it may introduce infection into spinal canal. Results: A total of 1000 neonates were examined, out of which cutaneous signs of spinal dysraphism were seen in 135 (13.5%) newborns. Sacral dimple was most common seen in 128 (12.8%) neonates, meningomyelocele in 5 (0.5%), dermoid cyst in 1 (0.1%) and acrochordons in 1 (0.1%) neonate. Conclusion: Dermatologist should be aware of the cutaneous marker of spinal dysraphism. Although dermatologist has a less role in the management of spinal dysraphism, their early diagnosis will help in the further management and prevent orthopedic, vertebral, and urological complications.

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