Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 116--122

Clinico-Epidemiological study of childhood vitiligo and its associations: A hospital-based cross-sectional study


Fatima Tuz Zahra, Syed Suhail Amin, Mohammad Adil, Fariz Sarshar, Prateek Pathak 
 Department of Dermatology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fatima Tuz Zahra
502, Ohad Homes, Medical Road, Aligarh - 202 002, Uttar Pradesh
India

Background: Vitiligo is a chronic pigmentary disorder resulting in hypopigmentary areas which progressively become amelanotic. The onset of vitiligo in childhood leads to severe psychological trauma to both patients and their parents. Aim: The aim was to study the clinical profile of childhood vitiligo (<18 years) and its association with other autoimmune diseases. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study of 256 clinically diagnosed childhood vitiligo cases over a period of two years. Detailed history of disease onset, duration, progression, associated diseases, and family history was recorded after informed consent from parents/guardians. Assessment of vitiligo was done by Vitiligo Area Severity Index (VASI). Results: Of the total 256 patients, females (n = 149) outnumbered males (n = 107) with a mean age of 9.80 ± 4.59 years with a mean disease duration of 1.9 years. The most common morphological type was vitiligo vulgaris (48.8%), while the most common site of disease onset was face (30.5%). Positive family history was seen in 49 patients (19.1%) and Koebner phenomenon in 54 patients (21.1%). The mean VASI score was 1.64. Conclusion: Childhood vitiligo is more common in females with anemia present in significant number of cases. Premature canities is the most common cutaneous association. Thyroid dysfunction was seen in nonsegmental variant. Children with the positive family history of vitiligo had higher mean VASI than those with the negative family history (P = 0.002).


How to cite this article:
Zahra FT, Amin SS, Adil M, Sarshar F, Pathak P. Clinico-Epidemiological study of childhood vitiligo and its associations: A hospital-based cross-sectional study.Indian J Paediatr Dermatol 2022;23:116-122


How to cite this URL:
Zahra FT, Amin SS, Adil M, Sarshar F, Pathak P. Clinico-Epidemiological study of childhood vitiligo and its associations: A hospital-based cross-sectional study. Indian J Paediatr Dermatol [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 21 ];23:116-122
Available from: https://www.ijpd.in/article.asp?issn=2319-7250;year=2022;volume=23;issue=2;spage=116;epage=122;aulast=Zahra;type=0